An integrated circuit which is commonly referred as IC is a set of electronic circuits. They are often called as miniaturized electronic circuit as they contains several semiconductor devices with passive components bonded on a small plate or circuit board generally made of Silicon. This entire arrangement is also termed as a hybrid integrated circuit or monolithic integrated circuit.
The IC manufacturing took place after years of experimental discoveries. The semiconductor technology became tremendously advanced in the mid-20th century and from that time onwards the integrated circuits started developing in mass controlling the reliability, capability, and building-block approach to circuit design at the time of manufacturing.
Advantages of Integrated Circuits
Integrated circuits have many advantages like they are superior quality, easy to replacement, low weighed, low-cost and small size. But on the broader perspective there are two main advantages of ICs – first is the cost of the device and second is the performance. Cost of manufacturing a single IC is very low as compared to the other circuits. The cause for this low-cost is the printing of chips and all their components.
Uses of Integrated Circuits
Integrated circuits have transformed the world of electronics and today they are used in virtually all electronic equipment. This small chip can function as an oscillator, amplifier, microprocessor, timer, or even computer memory. These really small electronics can carry out calculations and store data using either analog or digital technology. If you are familiar with Integrated Circuit or IC, The soldering station should not be stranger to you. If you are inerested to own one, you can check this review site. (Hope it helps! 🙂 )
Digital ICs are usually found in networking equipment, computers and most consumer electronics. These are also used in cars for automotive controls, data processing and switching telephone circuits. They also found functions in military tools. The most widespread application of IC is in digital watch and scientific calculator.
Classification of Integrated Circuits
Integrated circuits can be classified into three categories, namely analog, digital and mixed signal. Analog circuit works by meting out continuous signals. They execute functions like demodulation, mixing, amplification and filtering. Examples of Analog ICs are operational amplifiers and power management circuits. Digital electronic circuits, stand for signals via discrete bands of analog levels, to a certain extent than by a continuous range. Digital electronic circuits are usually made from large gathering of logic gates and other circuits.
The miniature size of these circuits permits many facilities like high-speed, low power dissipation, and reduced manufacturing cost as compared to the other integration. To process “one” and “zero” signals these digital ICs, work using binary mathematics. A mixed-signal integrated circuit is an integrated circuit which has both analog circuits and digital circuits on a single semiconductor die. Now-a-days with the advancement of network technology and cellular technology, this category of IC includes software radio, cellular telephone, WAN and LAN router integrated circuits.
The building material used is much less as compared to the constructing material of the other circuit. The other major advantage of using integrated circuits is its high performance. Since the components used in this circuit are small in size and they are placed at close proximity with their counterparts, they consume little power and switches so quickly. This makes it an energy-efficient and quickly switched circuit. Because of these advantages IC manufacturing companies has started using standardized IC in place of designs using discrete transistors.